>!-- --> Deck the Halls! - National Archives Foundation

Archives Experience Newsletter - December 14, 2021

  • Deck the Halls!

Happy holidays from the National Archives Foundation! The holiday season is always one for tradition, especially at the White House. While some facts, like which president was the first to put up a Christmas tree, are up for debate, many of today’s elaborate holiday displays were started by First Ladies who brought traditions from their own homes to the Executive Mansion.
Whatever’s on your holiday to-do list, take a quick break with us to learn the history of some classic White House traditions. In a special feature of this newsletter, you can let us know which First Lady has decked the halls the best by voting for your favorite decorations. Plus, celebrate that your list of holiday preparations are likely dwarfed by that of the staff of the East Wing. What a relief!


Patrick Madden
Executive Director
National Archives Foundation


Two Holiday Firsts


President and Mrs. Kennedy Make an Appearance at the White House Staff Christmas Party near the Christmas Tree in the Cross Hall
National Archives Identifier: 6817174

Decorating the White House for the holidays falls within the purview of the First Lady, and many of them have embraced the task with gusto. Christmas trees did not become a common decoration in the public rooms of the White House until about the middle of the twentieth century. Prior to that time, many of the families who lived there celebrated with no trees at all, or with modest trees in their private spaces.


A Kennedy Family Christmas

Mamie Eisenhower established the tradition of displaying a large, elaborately decorated Christmas tree in the East Room of the White House every year. Jackie Kennedy, with her impeccable personal style and devotion to historic preservation, was the first to introduce themed Christmas decorations. In 1961, the main tree was festooned with decorations based on The Nutcracker. The next year, Mrs. Kennedy focused on the theme of childhood for her decorations.


View all of
Mrs. Kennedy’s decorations


What do you think – is she in the running for your favorite holiday decor?

An Old-fashioned Christmas


President Ronald Reagan Kisses Nancy Reagan Under Mistletoe Christmas Decorations at The White House
National Archives Identifier: 75853793

First Lady Nancy Reagan fully embraced the task of decorating the White House for Christmas. Although volunteers have long been employed to get all the decorations up in good order, Mrs. Reagan was not above climbing a ladder to hang ornaments on the White House tree in the Blue Room. She was also a romantic who was not about to deny the President the opportunity to kiss her under the mistletoe, either.


View all of Mrs. Reagan’s decorations


– if her style is your favorite, don’t forget to vote! Just go back to the poll in your email!

New Traditions


Jimmy Carter Lighting the Menorah
National Archives Identifier: 6783241

Holiday celebrations in the Obama White House included observations for Hanukkah and Kwanzaa as well as Christmas. Back in 1979, Orthodox Jewish Rabbi Abraham Shemtov lobbied successfully for a National Menorah to be lit in Washington. That December, he participated in the first lighting ceremony with President Jimmy Carter.


White House Hanukkah Menorah Lighting
Source: Obama White House website

Since then, the lighting of the menorah has been an established winter tradition in Washington. In 2016, President and Mrs. Obama and Rabbi Steven Exler watched Elijah and Shira Wiesel light a menorah in the East Room of the White House.


First Lady Michelle Obama Hosts First Viewing of the 2011 Holiday Decorations
National Archives Identifier: 176553164

Michelle Obama’s Christmas themes included home, hearth, family, friendship, and honoring the members of the U.S. Armed Forces. She regularly invited children to tour the decorated White House and sample some holiday goodies prepared by the chefs. She even read ’Twas the Night before Christmas with Kermit the Frog!


First Lady Michelle Obama and Kermit the Frog read “Twas the Night Before Christmas”
Source: Obama White House website

View a gallery of Mrs. Obama’s holiday decorations


– and if you think she spreads the best holiday cheer, give her your vote!

History Snacks

The People’s (Gingerbread) House


White House Assistant Pastry Chef Susie Morrison Builds the White House Gingerbread House in the China Room
National Archives Identifier: 176553146

White House Assistant Pastry Chef Susie Morrison Builds the White House Gingerbread House in the China Room
Source: Obama White House website

Gingerbread houses are a beloved holiday tradition worldwide. At the White House, Assistant Chef Hans Raffert constructed the first decorative gingerbread house in 1969 for the Nixons.


Executive Pastry Chef Roland Mesnier’s White House in 1800 gingerbread house
Source: Trump White House Advent Calendar
Trump White House website

All the successive administrations have continued the custom. The Trump White House Advent Calendar displays Laura Bush with one of her gingerbread houses. Here’s a time lapse video of chefs at the Obama Whitehouse creating their annual gingerbread house.


Santa Paws

At Christmastime, everyone in the family joins in, including family pets. The First Families are no exceptions – their favorite furry friends are often right in the middle of the celebrations. Check out these photos of White House pets enjoying the seasonal festivities:


Nancy Reagan and her dog Rex admire the chef’s gingerbread house
National Archives Identifier: 7585450

Barney, George W. Bush’s Scottish terrier, checks out presents under one of the White House Christmas trees

National Archives Identifier: 148035558

Caroline Kennedy and a friend decorate the Christmas tree while the Kennedys’ dog Clipper watches

JFK Library Identifier: ST-559-12-62

Socks, Bill Clinton’s cat, gets awfully close to that gingerbread house

National Archives Identifier: 6036907

Bo Obama poses with a decoration – of himself!

Source: Obama White House website